Varalakshmi Vratham” is a sacred day in Hinduism. Married ladies of Hindu religion celebrate this day on the Friday just before the full moon day in the month of “Sravana” – July/August- according to Hindu calendar. This ritual is more commonly performed in Southern Indian States, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Maharashtra and Orissa.
On this day Hindu women invite all the neighboring laides to their homes and perform puja for seeking the blessings of goddess Mahalakshmi, who the goddesses of wealth and prosperity, and wife of Lord Vishnu.
There is a legend according to which, Vratam was recommended by Lord Shiva to his wife Parvati to gain wealth and prosperity. There is also another legend which tells us that, one day in the dream of a pious woman Charumati, the goddess Varalakshmi came and said her to do the Vratam in-order to fulfill her wishes. Thus this lady performed the Vratam along with other ladies in her village with a lot of devotion. They offered this deity lot of delicacies foods. When this Vratam was completed, they were amazed to find their bodies decked with expensive jewels and their homes full of riches. From that day women started performing this ritual every year in order to seek wealth and prosperity in their families.
On Varalaksmi Vratha, Hindu women decorate the floor of the front yards of their houses with colorful designs. They wear beautiful clothes and jewelry and sing hymns in praise of goddess Varalakshmi. Later the main pooja begin with the worship of Ganesha by holding a pot filled with rice and water mango and betel leaves they also offer 9 delicacies foods to this deity. Goddesses Ganesha is believed to drive away all obstacles and evil forces of their lives. The goddess Mahalakshmi is also invoked during pooja.
On next day, after taking a bath the kalasham is dismantled and the rice (which is in the kalsam) is mixed with rice in the house. There are no hard and fast rules in performing this Puja. Even a simple prayer will please goddess Lakshmi.